9 2002 . N 3553
------------------------------------------------------------------


11 2002 . N 115



  蠠  ࠠ "ᠠ " ( , 1998, N 26, . 3009; 2001, N 1, . 21) 16 2000 . N 461 " ⠠ " ( , 2000, N 26, . 2772) :

⠠ .

..



11.03.2002 N 115



I.

1. ⠠ ⠠ ( - 堠 ) , ( ) ( - ).

2. .

3. .

4. 堠 蠠 堠 1 .

5. :

;

 堠 堠 , , ;

, , 頠 .

6. :

;

蠠  ࠠ ;

頠 蠠 .

7. :

( ) ;

;

;

.

8.   , ,

.

9. 頠 ࠠ ⠠ ⠠  ࠠ Р .

⠠ 堠  頠 堠 V, IV, III , I , , :

30 ;

III 1% ;

.

10. , ⠠ ࠠ , 2 .

II.
()

11. () , , .   蠠 () , .

, , , - , . ⠠ 蠠  젠 젠 : /, /3, 3/. 3 ..

.

12. - (1.1 1.2 1 ).

13. 䠠 ࠠ  .

:

젠 頠 ;

() ,

( ) .

14. - ( 1.3, 1.4 1.5 1 ).

蠠 - ( , , , ) , . ࠠ 堠 頠 蠠 蠠 () () ࠠ () ࠠ 젠 () .

:

= N - - n, (1)

N - () , ;

- (), (), ;

n - () , .

:

= N x (1 - n) - , (2)

堠 n = n / N - ().

1

( ) :

1

͠ = (1 - ʠ - ) x 100%, (3)

 . n

. - () (. = / N).

(1) - (3) .

() :

m m

SUMNi x qi - SUM(i + Hni) x qi

i=1 i=1

. = -------------------------------, (4)

m

SUMqi

i=1

qi - ;

i - (i = 1, 2,....m).

15. .

, 頠 ⠠ ( , , , ), ⠠ , ࠠ 堠 . , (), , (Cnn). (Mnn), (V) :

100% -

V = Mnn x -------- (5)


''

(͠ ) :

'' V

͠ = -----, (6)

 Q

Q. - , .

, , 蠠 蠠 .

16. ( ) ( 1.6 1 ).

䠠 (3-) 蠠 蠠  - 蠠 , 蠠 堠 .

''

(͠ ) :

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V - , ;

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- () .

, () , , ..

, , 蠠 :

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'''

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;

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Q - ࠠ  .

䠠 蠠 .

17. .

III.

18. ( ) ( ) :

;

;

;

;

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;

();

, - , ⠠ 堠 蠠 ;

;

- ;

;

() ,

ࠠ  () ⠠  蠠  ࠠ ; ꠠ 頠  ,

, 󠠠 ;

;

, ;

;

, , ;

;

.

19. "" :

() , , ;

() (, );

.

20.   堠 "堠 ᠠ " :

, 堠 堠 ;

;

;

, , ;

( );

, ( );

蠠  ࠠ ( );

;

;

;

, , , ;

, ;

, , ;

21.   " " 蠠 ࠠ , 堠 . 頠 堠 蠠 - .

- :

;

, , ;

( );

;

( , ).

( 1.7 1 ).

堠 , , - .

, , , , .

  堠 - , 堠 ꠠ 򠠠 ).

22.   " " , , (  ࠠ 頠 蠠  堠 27 1997 N 527, 29 1997 , N 1445). 蠠 ( 15 2001 . N 511 " ⠠ " ( 24 2001 . N 07/7483-Ġ ⠠ ), .

23. 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ ",  - , 堠 蠠  蠠 " .   , , - 堠 ( 1.10 1 ).

24.   " " . :

- ;

;

- ;

;

( );

.

, , 堠 .   堠  堠 , , .

25. , ࠠ - , () " - " ( 1.1 2 ). , , - , , ( ).

26.   堠 "ࠠ " , , 堠 ⠠ 젠 젠 , / , ( 1.11 1 ).

27.   " () , 堠 ࠠ () ⠠  蠠  ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ " ( 1.12 1 ).

() :

,  ࠠ () ⠠  蠠  ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ , ;

( ) .

28. , , , () " ꠠ , , " ( 1.13 1 ). () :

;

;

;

蠠 (  蠠 ().

29. 렠 " ᠠ " , (, , , , ..) ( 1.14 1 ).

30.   堠 " 젠 , " ࠠ 젠 頠 () , ( 1.15 1.16 1 ).

31.   " " , . 堠 , , , , 堠 頠 , ࠠ - , .

:
(, , , , ..), ;

蠠 ⠠ 1- ( );

蠠 蠠 2- ;

/ , ( ࠠ 蠠 ) .

32.   " , 堠 , " ( 1.17 1 ) () :

;

 頠 , , ;

 蠠 , ;

( , , .) ;

 ࠠ ;

.

33.   " " , 5- ( ).

Р .

34. "" , .

35. "" :

, 堠 - ;

, ࠠ , ( ) , (, );

蠠 頠 蠠 ;

ࠠ - ;

.

36. () :

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, - , ⠠ 堠 蠠 ;

.

21, 24 27, , .

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23 ,
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1.3
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13 ()
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1.4
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i=1

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i=1 i=1

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1.5
1


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1.6
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1.8
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1.9
1



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1.10
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1.12
1


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